By Topic

Frequency decomposition and compounding of ultrasound medical images with wavelet packets

Sign In

Cookies must be enabled to login.After enabling cookies , please use refresh or reload or ctrl+f5 on the browser for the login options.

Formats Non-Member Member
$31 $13
Learn how you can qualify for the best price for this item!
Become an IEEE Member or Subscribe to
IEEE Xplore for exclusive pricing!
close button

puzzle piece

IEEE membership options for an individual and IEEE Xplore subscriptions for an organization offer the most affordable access to essential journal articles, conference papers, standards, eBooks, and eLearning courses.

Learn more about:

IEEE membership

IEEE Xplore subscriptions

3 Author(s)
Cincotti, G. ; Dipt. di Elettronica, Rome Univ., Italy ; Giovanna Loi ; Pappalardo, M.

Ultrasound beams propagating in biological tissues undergo distortions due to local inhomogeneities of the acoustic parameters and the nonlinearity of the medium. The spectral analysis of the radio-frequency (RF) backscattered signals may yield important clinical information in the field of tissue characterization, as well as enhancing the detectability of tissue parenchymal diseases. Here, the authors propose a new tissue spectral imaging technique based on the wavelet packets (WP) decomposition. In a conventional ultrasound imaging system, the received echo-signals are generally decimated to generate a medical image, with a loss of information. With the proposed approach, all the RF data are processed to generate a set of frequency subband images. The ultrasound echo signals are simultaneously frequency decomposed and decimated, by using two quadrature mirror filters, followed by a dyadic subsampling. In addition, to enhance the lesion detectability and the image quality, the authors apply a nonlinear filter to reduce noise in each subband image. The proposed method requires simple additional signal processing and it can be implemented on any real-time imaging system. The frequency subband images, which are available simultaneously, can be either used in a multispectral display or summed up together to reduce speckle noise. To localize the different frequency response in the tissues, the authors propose a multifrequency display method where 3 different subband images, chosen among those available, are encoded as red, green, and blue intensities (RGB) to create a false-colored RGB image. According to the clinical application, different choices can evidence different spectral proprieties in the biological tissue under investigation. To enhance the lesion contrast in a grey-level image, one of the possible methods is the summation of the images obtained from narrow frequency subbands, according to the frequency compounding technique. The authors show that by adding t- - he denoised subband images created with the WP decomposition, the contrast-to-noise ratio in 2 phantom images is largely increased.

Published in:

Medical Imaging, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:20 ,  Issue: 8 )