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Airborne GMTI radar position bias estimation using static-rotator targets of opportunity

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1 Author(s)

In target tracking systems: using GMTI (ground moving target indicator) radars on airborne platforms, the locations of these platforms are available from GPS-based estimates. However, these estimated locations are subject to errors that are, typically, stationary autocorrelated random processes, i.e., slowly varying biases. In situations where there are no known-location targets to estimate these biases, the next best recourse is to use targets of opportunity at fixed but unknown locations. Such targets can be, e.g., static rotators (ground-based radars with rotating antenna), which yield detections in moving target indicator (MTI) radars. It is shown that these biases can be estimated in such a scenario, i.e., they meet the complete observability condition. Following this, the achievable accuracy for a generic scenario is evaluated. It is shown that accurate georegistration can be obtained even with a small number of measurements

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IEEE Transactions on Aerospace and Electronic Systems  (Volume:37 ,  Issue: 2 )