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Spectral mixture analysis of simulated thermal infrared spectrometry data: An initial temperature estimate bounded TESSMA search approach

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3 Author(s)
Collins, E.F. ; Dept. of Geogr., California Univ., Santa Barbara, CA, USA ; Roberts, D.A. ; Borel, C.C.

At sensor thermal infrared (TIR) radiation varies depending on the temperature and emissivity of surface materials and the modifying impact of atmospheric absorption and emission. TIR imaging spectrometry often involves extracting temperature, emissivity, and/or surface composition, which are useful in diverse studies ranging from climatology to land use analyses. A two-stage application of temperature emissivity separation (TES) using spectral mixture analysis (SMA) or TESSMA, was employed to characterize isothermal mixtures on a subpixel basis. This two-stage approach first uses the relationship between a virtual cold endmember fraction and surface temperature to extract initial image temperature estimates. Second, an isothermal SMA application searches the region within the maximum temperature error range of the initial estimate, selecting the best subpixel spectral mixture fit. Work presented includes characterizations of synthetically generated temperature and constituent mixture gradient test images, and a discussion of errors associated with selecting temperature search ranges 25% and 75% smaller than the initial temperature calculation error range. Results using this two-stage approach indicate improved overall temperature estimates, constituent estimates, and constituent fraction estimates using simulated TIR data

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Geoscience and Remote Sensing, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:39 ,  Issue: 7 )