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An analysis of the performance of a handset diversity antenna influenced by head, hand, and shoulder effects at 900 MHz .II. Correlation characteristics

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3 Author(s)
Ogawa, K. ; Devices Dev. Center, Matsushita Electr. Ind. Co. Ltd., Osaka, Japan ; Matsuyoshi, T. ; Monma, K.

For pt.I see ibid., vol.50, no.3, p.830-44 (2001). In Part I of this two-part paper, we described the effective gain characteristics of the handset diversity antenna comprising a retractable whip antenna and a built-in planar inverted F antenna (PIFA). In order to achieve a high diversity effect, the correlation between the diversity branches must be small while at the same time maintaining a high effective gain, and this is contained in this paper. Further analysis includes an evaluation of the diversity gain with which the diversity effect shown by the analyses of the effective gain in Part I and the correlation in Part II is described. In addition, the mechanism for obtaining a small correlation coefficient is clarified by investigating the amplitude and phase radiation patterns when the whip length and the body inclination angle are changed. From these we obtain various numerical results that provide sufficient insight for design purposes. The validity of the analytical results is verified by an experiment in an indoor radio wave propagation environment

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Vehicular Technology, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:50 ,  Issue: 3 )