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In this paper we consider the dynamics and control of whole arm grasping systems. We develop a control scheme that employs a minimal set of inputs to control the trajectory of the system while using the surplus inputs to control the interaction forces in order to maintain the unilateral constraints at both rolling and sliding contacts. Since the number of surplus inputs is less than the number of output force variables, we propose a controller that controls the critical contact force components. We emphasize the dynamic models and algorithms for computing contact forces, which are crucial to the development of the control algorithms. Finally, we show how compliant contact models and an integrated simulation approach are used to overcome the difficulties with uniqueness and existence of solutions. A planar whole arm manipulation system is used as an example to illustrate the basic ideas.
Robotics and Automation, 2001. Proceedings 2001 ICRA. IEEE International Conference on (Volume:3 )
Date of Conference: 2001