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This paper introduces the research project of robot assisted minimally invasive neurosurgery. Using visualization technology, the system reconstructs and displays the 3D model of the patient's inner structure in the computer. Thus the surgeons can plan the surgery on the model in the computer. Marker registration is used to create the mapping between the patient's head and the 3D-brain model. Robot arm is used as a navigator to direct the surgery planning and as an instrument platform to assist surgeons to accomplish the operation. The results of the clinical application are given to show that the robotic system is effective.