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Robotic pinching by means of a pair of soft fingers with sensory feedback

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5 Author(s)
Han, H.-Y. ; Dept. of Robotics, Ritsumeikan Univ., Kusatsu, Japan ; Arimoto, S. ; Tahara, K. ; Yamaguchi, M.
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This paper proposes a pair of single or multi-DOF robot fingers with soft and deformable tips that can pinch an object stably in a dynamic sense with the aid of real-time sensory feedback. To realize dynamic stable pinching, a practical method of using optical devices is proposed for measuring both the maximum displacement of finger-tip deformation and the relative angle between the object surface and each of finger links. It is shown that the overall closed-loop system of a pair of two single-DOF fingers with soft tips with real-time sensory feedback of the difference between the centers of two area-contacts at both sides of the object becomes asymptotically stable. This means that the pair achieves dynamic stable grasping (pinching). In the case of a pair of 1-DOF and 2-DOF fingers with soft tips, it is shown that the proposed method of closed-loop feedback of the difference between the centers of two area-contacts and the rotational angle of the object can establish not only dynamic stable grasping but also regulation of the posture of the object.

Published in:

Robotics and Automation, 2001. Proceedings 2001 ICRA. IEEE International Conference on  (Volume:1 )

Date of Conference:

2001