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Optical feedback-induced noise in pigtailed laser diode modules

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3 Author(s)
D. M. Byrne ; Digital Equipment Corp., Littleton, MA, USA ; D. MacLean ; R. Plumb

The sensitivity of commercially available pigtailed laser diode modules to optical feedback, in terms of laser relative intensity noise, is investigated. A pigtailed laser diode model which is based on multimode rate equations, Langevin operators, and optical feedback terms in used to predict that operation in the coherence collapse region can be avoided in high-speed, short-haul, optical data links by trading off optical launch power into the pigtail with decreased laser/fiber coupling efficiency. Experimental results for three pigtailed laser diode modules indicate that with a laser/fiber coupling efficiency of 4%, an external feedback level of between -15 and -17 dB can be tolerated before the laser enters the coherence collapse region. Good correlation between these results and predictions from the numerical model is obtained.<>

Published in:

IEEE Photonics Technology Letters  (Volume:3 ,  Issue: 10 )