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Helium dilution maneuver is used to determine the functional residual capacity (FRC) 14 newborns ages 1-5 mo. The model equation describes the changing alveolar fractions of He and the ventilation promoted by a rebreathing procedure that does not exceed 40 s. The model does not involve the volume of the rebreathing bag usually needed when applying rebreathing technique and which is a source of error. The equation is discretized and solved for recorded data obtained with equipment adapted to newborns. Results show a strong relationship between FRC and the biometrical indexes, and confirm these found in the literature featuring that the measurement duration of FRC can be considerably shortened.
Date of Publication: July 2001