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Near-field diagnostics of small printed antennas using the equivalent magnetic current approach

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3 Author(s)
J. -J. Laurin ; Centre de Recherche Poly-Grames, Ecole Polytech. de Montreal, Que., Canada ; J. -F. Zurcher ; F. E. Gardiol

A near-field to far-field transformation based on the antenna representation by equivalent magnetic current (EMC) sources has been proposed and validated experimentally on large high-directivity antenna arrays. In this paper, the use of EMC is extended to the diagnostics of low-directivity printed antennas. The limitation of the near-field to far-field transformation applied to EMC models of low-directivity antennas, caused by the finite dimensions of the antenna ground plane, is demonstrated. A method to partially overcome this limitation by including the contribution of diffracted rays is implemented, and its effectiveness is demonstrated with antenna prototypes. It is shown that the agreement between the far-field patterns measured in an anechoic chamber and the patterns computed from the EMC model obtained from the near-field measurements is significantly improved upon, within a sector of ±90° with respect to the antenna boresight in the E plane. The influence of the near-field sampling density and topology of the EMC model on the accuracy of the predicted far-field pattern is examined

Published in:

IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation  (Volume:49 ,  Issue: 5 )