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Optimal control of two-level quantum systems

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2 Author(s)
D'Alessandro, D. ; Dept. of Math., Iowa State Univ., Ames, IA, USA ; Dahleh, M.

We study the manipulation of two-level quantum systems. This research is motivated by the design of quantum mechanical logic gates which perform prescribed logic operations on a two-level quantum system, a quantum bit. We consider the problem of driving the evolution operator to a desired state, while minimizing an energy-type cost. Mathematically, this problem translates into an optimal control problem for systems varying on the Lie group of special unitary matrices of dimension two, with cost that is quadratic in the control. We develop a comprehensive theory of optimal control for two-level quantum systems. This includes, in particular, a classification of normal and abnormal extremals and a proof of regularity of the optimal control functions. The impact of the results of the paper on nuclear magnetic resonance experiments and quantum computation is discussed

Published in:

Automatic Control, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:46 ,  Issue: 6 )

Date of Publication:

Jun 2001

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