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Possibility of critical field enhancement due to field penetration in high-Tc sponges and thin films

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3 Author(s)
E. W. Collings ; Battelle Memorial Inst., Colombus, OH, USA ; A. J. Markworth ; K. R. Marken

Magnetic susceptibility measurements of a sample of sintered high- Tc ceramic superconductor of nominal composition Y 1Ba2Cu3O7-y were conducted as a function of temperature from liquid-He temperatures to T c. The fitted form of the susceptibility temperature dependence yielded a sample-particle size that was only a few times larger than the field-penetration depth. The particle size was much less than the grain size and commensurate with the thickness of the optical twins. The results of the enhancement studies are also discussed in the light of C.P. Bean's (1964) early experiments on Pb sponges (in this case λ≫ particle size) which exhibited spectacular enhancements of Hc in association with flux trapping at or between the Pb filaments. It is predicted that it should be possible, using presently available film-deposition techniques, to produce high-Tc films possessing severalfold enhancements of Hc1 beyond the bulk value, and that, as with the Pb sponges, the magnetization loops, even when taken within what passes for the Meissner state in such materials, will be hysteretic

Published in:

IEEE Transactions on Magnetics  (Volume:25 ,  Issue: 2 )