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A comparison of algorithms for subsurface target detection and identification using time-domain electromagnetic induction data

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2 Author(s)
Tantum, S.L. ; Dept. of Electr. & Comput. Eng., Duke Univ., Durham, NC, USA ; Collins, L.M.

The performance of subsurface target identification algorithms using data from time-domain electromagnetic induction (EMI) sensors is investigated. The response of time-domain EMI sensors to the presence of a conducting object may be modeled as a weighted sum of decaying exponential signals. Although the weights associated with each of the modes are dependent on the target/sensor orientation, the decay rates are a function of the target's composition and geometry and therefore are intrinsic to the target. Since the decay rates are not dependent on target/sensor orientation or other unobservable parameters, decay rate estimation has previously been proposed as a viable method for target identification. The performance attained with Bayesian target identification algorithms operating on the entire time-domain signal and decay rate estimates is compared through both numerical simulations and application to experimental data. The decay rate estimates utilized in the numerical simulations are assumed to achieve the Cramer-Rao lower bound (CRLB), which provides a lower bound on the variance of an unbiased parameter estimate. The simulations as well as results obtained with experimental data show that processing the entire time-domain signal provides better target identification and discrimination performance than processing decay rate estimates

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Geoscience and Remote Sensing, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:39 ,  Issue: 6 )