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Linearity of X-band class-F power amplifiers in high-efficiency transmitters

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3 Author(s)
Weiss, Manoja D. ; Dept. of Electr. & Comput. Eng., Colorado Univ., Boulder, CO, USA ; Raab, F.H. ; Popovic, Z.

Modern communication signals have time-varying envelopes with significant peak-to-average ratios, resulting in low average efficiency when amplified by commonly used linear power amplifiers (PAs). For linear amplification with increased average efficiency, the Kahn envelope-elimination-and-restoration method uses a highly efficient saturated PA. In this paper, an 8.4 GHz class-F PA with 55% maximum instantaneous efficiency at 610 mW output power, is experimentally characterized in several different biasing modes. Operated in linear mode with constant drain bias, this PA has 10% average efficiency. The suppression of two-tone intermodulation products is 27 dBc when operated at about 0.7 times the peak output power. For the same PA operated in a modified Kahn mode with drive and bias control, a comparable linearity (27.7 dBc) can be obtained at peak output power. Furthermore, the average efficiency increased to 44%, a factor of 4.4 over the linear fixed bias mode

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Microwave Theory and Techniques, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:49 ,  Issue: 6 )