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Face analysis and synthesis

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1 Author(s)

The author's goal is to generate a virtual space close to the real communication environment between network users or between humans and machines. There should be an avatar in cyberspace that projects the features of each user with a realistic texture-mapped face to generate facial expression and action controlled by a multimodal input signal. Users can also get a view in cyberspace through the avatar's eyes, so they can communicate with each other by gaze crossing. The face fitting tool from multi-view camera images is introduced to make a realistic three-dimensional (3-D) face model with texture and geometry very close to the original. This fitting tool is a GUI-based system using easy mouse operation to pick up each feature point on a face contour and the face parts, which can enable easy construction of a 3-D personal face model. When an avatar is speaking, the voice signal is essential in determining the mouth shape feature. Therefore, a real-time mouth shape control mechanism is proposed by using a neural network to convert speech parameters to lip shape parameters. This neural network can realize an interpolation between specific mouth shapes given as learning data. The emotional factor can sometimes be captured by speech parameters. This media conversion mechanism is described. For dynamic modeling of facial expression, a muscle structure constraint is introduced for making a facial expression naturally with few parameters. We also tried to obtain muscle parameters automatically from a local motion vector on the face calculated by the optical flow in a video sequence

Published in:

Signal Processing Magazine, IEEE  (Volume:18 ,  Issue: 3 )