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Measurements of ultrafast gain recovery in self-assembled InAs quantum-dot (QD) amplifiers are explained by a comprehensive numerical model. The QD excited state carriers are found to act as a reservoir for the optically active ground state carriers resulting in an ultrafast gain recovery as long as the excited state is well populated. However, when pulses are injected into the device at high-repetition frequencies, the response of a QD amplifier is found to be limited by the wetting-layer dynamics.
Date of Publication: June 2001