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Space-time block codes: a maximum SNR approach

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2 Author(s)
Ganesan, G. ; Dept. of Syst. & Control, Uppsala Univ., Sweden ; Stoica, Petre

In Tarokh et al. (1999) space-time block codes were introduced to obtain coded diversity for a multiple-antenna communication system, in this work, we cast space-time codes in an optimal signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) framework and show that they achieve the maximum SNR and, in fact, they correspond to a generalized maximal ratio combiner. The maximum SNR framework also helps in calculating the distribution of the SNR and in deriving explicit expressions for bit error rates. We bring out the connection between the theory of amicable orthogonal designs and space-time codes. Based on this, we give a much simpler proof to one of the main theorems on space-time codes for complex symbols. We present a rate 1/2 code for complex symbols which has a smaller delay than the code already known. We also present another rate 3/4 code which is simpler than the one already known, in the sense it does not involve additions or multiplications. We also point out the connection between generalized real designs and generalized orthogonal designs

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Information Theory, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:47 ,  Issue: 4 )