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Propagation of HF radio waves over sloping coastal land

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1 Author(s)
S. P. Tarnavskii ; Centre for Sensor Signal & Inf. Process., Univ. of South Australia, Mawson Lakes, SA, Australia

The field of a TM wave at a reception point over sloping coastal land, farther than a wavelength from the sea, has been calculated for a transmitting element located infinitely far away over a flat sea. The field obtained is normalized to that of a wave approaching the water/land boundary from infinity. A transmitting element placed both at some elevation angle and on the surface of the sea has been considered. In both instances, simple formulas providing fast computation of the field have been obtained by employing the integral equation approach formulated in terms of the normalized surface impedance. It has been found that the sloping land to some extent compensates for power losses in the ground and may even enhance the power density of high-frequency waves coming from low elevation angles. The expressions obtained remain valid for flat ground in place of sea. In this instance, the permittivity and conductivity of the sea should simply be substituted by those of the ground

Published in:

IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation  (Volume:49 ,  Issue: 4 )