By Topic

Against the humpback whale sonar hypothesis

Sign In

Cookies must be enabled to login.After enabling cookies , please use refresh or reload or ctrl+f5 on the browser for the login options.

Formats Non-Member Member
$33 $13
Learn how you can qualify for the best price for this item!
Become an IEEE Member or Subscribe to
IEEE Xplore for exclusive pricing!
close button

puzzle piece

IEEE membership options for an individual and IEEE Xplore subscriptions for an organization offer the most affordable access to essential journal articles, conference papers, standards, eBooks, and eLearning courses.

Learn more about:

IEEE membership

IEEE Xplore subscriptions

4 Author(s)
W. W. L. Au ; Hawaii Inst. of Marine Biol., Hawaii Univ., Kailua, HI, USA ; A. Frankel ; D. A. Helweg ; D. H. Cato

A rebuttal is presented to the article of L.N. Frazer and E. Mercado (ibid., vol. 25, pp. 160-182, 2000), who presented a sonar model for humpback whale song, is presented. This rebuttal considers the noise-limited form of the sonar equation, current understanding of humpback whale behavior and the characteristics of humpback whale songs, along with arguments from an evolutionary perspective. Arguments from all of these different aspects do not support the model of Frazer and Mercado

Published in:

IEEE Journal of Oceanic Engineering  (Volume:26 ,  Issue: 2 )