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Automatic construction of 2D shape models

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3 Author(s)
Duta, N. ; Dept. of Comput. Sci. & Eng., Michigan State Univ., East Lansing, MI, USA ; Jain, A.K. ; Dubuisson-Jolly, M.-P.

A procedure for automated 2D shape model design is presented. The system is given a set of training example shapes defined by contour point coordinates. The shapes are automatically aligned using Procrustes analysis and clustered to obtain cluster prototypes (typical objects) and statistical information about intracluster shape variation. One difference from previous methods is that the training set is first automatically clustered and shapes considered to be outliers are discarded. In this way, cluster prototypes are not distorted by outliers. A second difference is in the manner in which registered sets of points are extracted from each shape contour. We propose a flexible point matching technique that takes into account both pose/scale differences and nonlinear shape differences. The matching method is independent of the objects' initial relative position/scale and does not require any manually tuned parameters. Our shape model design method was used to learn 11 different shapes from contours that were manually traced in MR brain images. The resulting model was then employed to segment several MR brain images that were not included in the shape-training set. A quantitative analysis of our shape registration approach, within the main cluster of each structure, demonstrated results that compare very well to those achieved by manual registration; achieving an average registration error of about 1 pixel. Our approach can serve as a fully automated substitute to the tedious and time-consuming manual 2D shape registration and analysis

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Pattern Analysis and Machine Intelligence, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:23 ,  Issue: 5 )