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A new subaperture approach to high squint SAR processing

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4 Author(s)
Tat Soon Yeo ; Dept. of Electr. & Comput. Eng., Nat. Univ. of Singapore, Singapore ; Ngee Leng Tan ; Cheng Bo Zhang ; Yi Hui Lu

A high squint subaperture (HSS) algorithm was developed from the perspective of a strip map synthetic aperture radar (SAR) system and has the ability to focus SAR data at extremely high squint angle of 55° with less than 1.27% mainlobe expansion or even higher squint angles if larger mainlobe expansion can be tolerated. The unique characteristic of this algorithm is that the subapertures are formed by multiplying the received signal with a set of overlapped complex conjugated reference signals where the chirp rate varies in the azimuth direction. This is done to solve the range focus problem that arises after the azimuth input signal undergoes the range walk removal procedure. As the IISS algorithm only involves short fast Fourier transforms (FFTs) and avoids interpolation, it is computationally efficient and allows for small data buffers and facilitates hardware real-time implementation. The distinct feature of this algorithm is its simplicity of implementation, which is vital in real time processing and motion compensation when the squint angle may be changing continuously

Published in:

IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing  (Volume:39 ,  Issue: 5 )