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Turbo codes cascaded with high-rate block codes for (O, κ)-constrained channels

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2 Author(s)
K. Anim-Appiah ; Texas Instrum. Inc., Dallas, TX, USA ; S. W. McLaughlin

We consider several issues in the analysis and design of turbo coded systems for (O, κ) input-constrained channels. These constraints commonly arise in magnetic recording channels. This system is characterized by a high-rate turbo code driving a high-rate (n-1)/n, small-length (O, κ) block code. We discuss the properties of the (O, κ) code that affect its performance on both an additive white Gaussian noise (AWGN) and a precoded dicode channel. We address soft-in soft-out (SISO) decoding of linear and nonlinear (O, κ) codes and show that good (O, κ) codes exist even when dmin=1. For the (O, κ) constrained AWGN channel, we present several rate (n-1)/n block codes that optimally tradeoff bit-error-rate performance with κ. For the precoded dicode channel, we show that the systematic (O, n-1) modulation codes are superior to most other rate (n-1)/n block codes in terms of error-rate performance, and their attractiveness is increased by the fact that they do not contribute any significant complexity to the overall system

Published in:

IEEE Journal on Selected Areas in Communications  (Volume:19 ,  Issue: 4 )