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Cryogenic high-Q microwave resonators for stable oscillators

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3 Author(s)
Vitusevich, S. ; Inst. of Thin Film & Ion Technol., Forschungszentrum Julich GmbH, Germany ; Winter, M. ; Klein, N.

Cryogenic microwave resonators have a strong potential as frequency stabilising elements for oscillators to be used in advanced radar systems and high-bitrate microwave communication links. Depending on frequency, either 2D planar HTS-resonators, HTS-shielded sapphire TE 011 resonators or cryogenic sapphire whispering-gallery mode resonators represent the best compromise between resonator quality factor and size. We have built and tested an all-cryogenic oscillator based on a WG-resonator at f=23 GHz. Phase noise measurements indicate values superior to quartz stabilized oscillators. A two-step electric frequency tuning consisting of an integrated varactor phase shifter and a dielectric plunger moved by a piezomechanical transducer is introduced to compensate frequency drifting with temperature. For further improvement of long-time frequency stability we have developed rutile-sapphire composite dielectric resonators. Due to the opposite sign of the temperature slope of the dielectric constant of sapphire and rutile a turning point appears in the temperature dependence of the resonance frequency. Employing a moderate temperature stabilization as good as a few millikelvin around the turning point at T=78 K, we have demonstrated a long time frequency stability at least as good as for oven controlled quartz oscillators

Published in:

Applied Superconductivity, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:11 ,  Issue: 1 )