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Multiplexed SQUID array for non-destructive evaluation of aircraft structures

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10 Author(s)
Krause, H. ; Inst. fur Schicht- und Ionentechnik, Forschungszentrum Julich GmbH, Germany ; Gartner, S. ; Wolters, N. ; Hohmann, R.
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SQUID sensors offer a significant advantage for eddy-current (EC) testing of aircraft components for material flaws hidden deeply in the tested structure. However, the requirement to take maps of the magnetic field, usually by meander-shaped scans, leads to unacceptably long measurement times. Due to their inductive coupling to a tank circuit, several rf SQUID sensors may be read out sequentially by selectively coupling to their tank circuits, using only one electronics with a multiplexer. The multiplexed operation of three planar HTS rf SQUID gradiometers with one electronics and one cable is shown, demonstrating the advantage of lower liquid nitrogen boil-off. Independent operation and switching is confirmed using local coil excitation of the individual SQUIDs. We report on the implementation of two multiplexed SQUID sensors in conjunction with an EC excitation and lock-in readout at unshielded laboratory environment. Scanning is performed while continuously switching the operating SQUID, thus obtaining two traces simultaneously. The applicability to EC testing of riveted sections of aircraft fuselage is discussed

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Applied Superconductivity, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:11 ,  Issue: 1 )