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Physics of high jc Nb/AlOx/Nb Josephson junctions and prospects of their applications

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3 Author(s)

At critical current density of the order of 100 kA/cm2, tunnel Josephson junctions become overdamped and may be used in RSFQ circuits without external shunting, dramatically increasing circuit density. However, the physics of electron transport in such high-jc junctions differs from the usual direct tunneling and until recently remained unclear. We have found that the observed dc I-V curves of niobium-trilayer junctions with jc=210 kA/cm2 can be explained quantitatively by resonant tunneling through strongly disordered barriers. According to this interpretation, random spread of critical current in high-jc junctions may be rather small (below 1% r.m.s.) even in deep-submicron junctions, making VLSI RSFQ circuits, with density above 10 MJJ/cm2, feasible

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Applied Superconductivity, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:11 ,  Issue: 1 )