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Sub-gap leakage in Nb/AlOx/Nb and Al/AlOx/Al Josephson junctions

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9 Author(s)
Gubrud, M.A. ; Dept. of Phys., Maryland Univ., College Park, MD, USA ; Ejrnaes, M. ; Berkley, A.J. ; Ramos, R.C., Jr.
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In an effort to determine the suitability of Josephson junctions for applications in quantum computation, we measured low-noise dc current-voltage characteristics of Nb/AlOx/Nb and Al/AlOx/Al junctions in the temperature range from 90 mK to 1 K. Nb-based samples were obtained from several different facilities with critical currents of a few μA and critical current densities between 100 and 3000 A/cm2. We fabricated the Al-based samples using double-angle evaporation and obtained critical currents of a few μA with critical current densities of about 30 A/cm2. We found that the sub-gap leakage current in the Nb-based samples does not depend on temperature in the range 90 mK to 1 K, whereas that for the Al-based samples follows the expected BCS behavior to about 150 mK. Our Al-based samples have a lower level of dissipation than Nb-based devices; however, both Al- and Nb-based samples achieved dissipation levels sufficiently low for some quantum computing applications

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Applied Superconductivity, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:11 ,  Issue: 1 )