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A new decoder for the optimum recovery of nonadditive watermarks

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4 Author(s)
Barni, M. ; Dept. of Inf. Eng., Siena Univ., Italy ; Bartolini, F. ; De Rosa, A. ; Piva, A.

Watermark detection, i.e., the detection of an invisible signal hidden within an image for copyright protection or data authentication, has classically been tackled by means of correlation-based techniques. Nevertheless, when watermark embedding does not obey an additive rule, or when the features the watermark is superimposed on do not follow a Gaussian pdf, correlation-based decoding is not the optimum choice. A new decoding algorithm is presented here which is optimum for nonadditive watermarks embedded in the magnitude of a set of full-frame DFT coefficients of the host image. By relying on statistical decision theory, the structure of the optimum is derived according to the Neyman-Pearson criterion, thus permitting to minimize the missed detection probability subject to a given false detection rate. The validity of the optimum decoder has been tested thoroughly to assess the improvement it permits to achieve from a robustness perspective. The results we obtained confirm the superiority of the novel algorithm with respect to classical correlation-based decoding

Published in:

Image Processing, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:10 ,  Issue: 5 )

Date of Publication:

May 2001

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