Cart (Loading....) | Create Account
Close category search window
 

Implantation of silicon chip microphotodiode arrays into the cat subretinal space

Sign In

Cookies must be enabled to login.After enabling cookies , please use refresh or reload or ctrl+f5 on the browser for the login options.

Formats Non-Member Member
$31 $13
Learn how you can qualify for the best price for this item!
Become an IEEE Member or Subscribe to
IEEE Xplore for exclusive pricing!
close button

puzzle piece

IEEE membership options for an individual and IEEE Xplore subscriptions for an organization offer the most affordable access to essential journal articles, conference papers, standards, eBooks, and eLearning courses.

Learn more about:

IEEE membership

IEEE Xplore subscriptions

7 Author(s)
Chow, A.Y. ; Optobionics Corp., Wheaton, IL, USA ; Pardue, M.T. ; Chow, V.Y. ; Peyman, G.A.
more authors

There are currently no therapies to restore vision to patients blinded by photoreceptor degeneration. This project concerns an experimental approach toward a semiconductor-based subretinal prosthetic designed to electrically stimulate the retina. The present study describes surgical techniques for implanting a silicon microphotodiode array in the cat subretinal space and subsequent studies of implant biocompatibility and durability. Using a single-port vitreoretinal approach, implants were placed into the subretinal space of the right eye of normal cats. Implanted retinas were evaluated post-operatively over a 10 to 27 month period using indirect ophthalmoscopy, fundus photography, electroretinography, and histology. Infrared stimulation was used to isolate the electrical response of the implant from that of the normal retina. Although implants continued to generate electrical current in response to light, the amplitude of the implant response decreased gradually due to dissolution of the implant's gold electrode. Electroretinograms recorded from implanted eyes had normal waveforms but were typically 10-15% smaller in amplitude than those in unimplanted left eyes. The nonpermeable silicon disks blocked choroidal nourishment to the retina, producing degeneration of the photoreceptors. The laminar structure of the inner retinal layers was preserved. Retinal areas located away from the implantation site appeared normal in all respects. These results demonstrate that silicon-chip microphotodiode-based implants can be successfully placed into the subretinal space. Gold electrode-based subretinal implants, however, appear to he unsuitable fur long-term use due to electrode dissolution and subsequent decreased electrical activity.

Published in:

Neural Systems and Rehabilitation Engineering, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:9 ,  Issue: 1 )

Date of Publication:

March 2001

Need Help?


IEEE Advancing Technology for Humanity About IEEE Xplore | Contact | Help | Terms of Use | Nondiscrimination Policy | Site Map | Privacy & Opting Out of Cookies

A not-for-profit organization, IEEE is the world's largest professional association for the advancement of technology.
© Copyright 2014 IEEE - All rights reserved. Use of this web site signifies your agreement to the terms and conditions.