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The seasonal behavior of interferometric coherence in boreal forest

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5 Author(s)
J. T. Koskinen ; Finnish Environ. Inst., Helsinki, Finland ; J. T. Palliainen ; J. M. Hyyppa ; M. E. Engdahl
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The capability of SAR interferometry has been previously demonstrated in various applications. In particular, the use of interferometric coherence has shown promising results in forest monitoring, however, mainly in discriminating forested and nonforested areas. The authors have collected ERS-1 and ERS-2 Tandem data from two boreal forest test sites in Finland. The data have been processed into interferometric coherence and intensity images. These images have been used to a) compare the behavior of interferometric coherence and intensity for various land-use and forest classes and b) extensive analysis on the behavior of interferometric coherence in boreal forests as a function of stem volume. Based on the observations and the use of a boreal forest semi-empirical backscattering model, they have developed an empirical model that describes interferometric coherence of boreal forests using backscattering information. The results indicate that coherence is more sensitive to the stem volume than the C-band backscattering intensity. However, the intensity and coherence data contain complementary information and therefore, the use of both data sources is beneficial in the observation of boreal forest

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IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing  (Volume:39 ,  Issue: 4 )