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A new approach in the development of no-flow underfill materials for both eutectic and lead-free solders with high melting temperature

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2 Author(s)
Haiying Li ; Packaging Res. Center, Georgia Inst. of Technol., Atlanta, GA, USA ; Wong, C.P.

No-flow underfill technology has been drawing attention due to its potential advantages over conventional underfill technology and several no-flow underfill materials have been developed and reported. However, most of these materials are unsuitable for lead-free solder applications that usually have higher melting temperatures than eutectic solder. Due to increasing environmental concerns, demand for friendly lead-free solders has increased. This paper demonstrates the study of two new formulas of no-flow underfill developed for lead-free solders with melting point around 220°C. These novel formulas use a liquid curing catalyst to provide ease in preparation of the no-flow underfill materials and more choice in combining fluxing agents. In this study, the curing kinetics, glass transition temperature (Tg), thermal expansion coefficient (TCE), storage modulus (E') and loss modulus (E") of these materials were studied with differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), thermo-mechanical analysis (TMA), and dynamic-mechanical analysis (DMA). The pot-life in terms of viscosity of these materials was characterized with a stress rheometer. The adhesive strength of the material on the surface of silicon chip was studied with a die-shear instrument. The materials curing kinetics were studied with DSC. The materials compatibility to the solder penetration and wetting on copper clad during solder reflow was investigated with both eutectic and no-lead solders on copper laminated FR-4 organic boards and heated in a reflow oven

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Advanced Packaging Materials: Processes, Properties and Interfaces, 2001. Proceedings. International Symposium on

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