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Dynamic power management in wireless sensor networks

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2 Author(s)
A. Sinha ; MIT, Cambridge, MA, USA ; A. Chandrakasan

We propose an OS-directed power management technique to improve the energy efficiency of sensor nodes. Dynamic power management (DPM) is an effective tool in reducing system power consumption without significantly degrading performance. The basic idea is to shut down devices when not needed and wake them up when necessary. DPM, in general, is not a trivial problem. If the energy and performance overheads in sleep-state transition were negligible, then a simple greedy algorithm that makes the system enter the deepest sleep state when idling would be perfect. However, in reality, sleep-state transitioning has the overhead of storing processor state and turning off power. Waking up also takes a finite amount of time. Therefore, implementing the correct policy for sleep-state transitioning is critical for DPM success. It is argued that power-aware methodology uses an embedded microoperating system to reduce node energy consumption by exploiting both sleep state and active power management

Published in:

IEEE Design & Test of Computers  (Volume:18 ,  Issue: 2 )