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A hybrid BEM/WTM approach for analysis of the EM scattering from large open-ended cavities

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2 Author(s)
Zhonggui Xiang ; Center for Electromagn., DSO Nat. Labs., Singapore ; Tse-Tong Chia

An effective hybrid boundary-element method (BEM) and wavelet-transform method (WTM) is proposed to analyze electromagnetic scattering from three-dimensional (3-D) open-ended cavities with arbitrary shapes. This hybrid technique formulates the original cavity problems by a magnetic field integral equation. The BEM is employed to establish the mapping between the original complex integral surface and the unit square. The WTM is used to reduce the density of the moment matrix. Since a surface integral equation has to be solved, the WTM requires a two-dimensional (2-D) wavelet basis to implement the numerical computation. The previous fast iterative algorithm for 2-D wavelets has been extended for efficiently constructing various 2-D wavelet basis functions by a tensorial product from two one-dimensional (1-D) regular multiresolution analyses. Unlike the conventional method of moments, the proposed hybrid technique can always obtain sparse moment matrix equations, which can be efficiently solved by sparse solvers. As the level scales for numerical discretization of cavities increase, larger compression rates can be obtained, which makes it possible for the hybrid BEM/WTM technique to efficiently solve scattering from large open-ended cavities with complex terminations. Numerical results are presented to demonstrate the merits of the proposed method

Published in:

IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation  (Volume:49 ,  Issue: 2 )