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Real-time very short-term load prediction for power-system automatic generation control

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3 Author(s)
Trudnowski, D.J. ; Dept. of Eng., Montana Tech., Butte, MT, USA ; McReynolds, W.L. ; Johnson, J.M.

A fundamental objective of a power-system operating and control scheme is to maintain a match between the system's overall real-power load and generation. The automatic generation control (AGC) loop addresses this objective by using system load and electrical frequency samples to periodically update the set-point power for key “swing” generators with a control sample rate ranging from 1 to 10 min. To improve performance, emerging AGC strategies employ a look-ahead control algorithm that requires real-time estimates of the system's future load out to several samples using a one to ten minute sample period. This paper describes a strategy for developing a very short-term load predictor using slow and fast Kalman estimators and an hourly forecaster. The Kalman model parameters are determined by matching the frequency response of the estimator to the load residuals. The design strategy is applied to the system operated by the Bonneville Power Administration and specific performance and sensitivity studies are presented

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Control Systems Technology, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:9 ,  Issue: 2 )