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A three-frequency scatterometer technique for the measurement of ocean wave spectra

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3 Author(s)
Schuler, D.L. ; US Naval Res. Lab., Washington, DC, USA ; Keller, W.C. ; Plant, W.J.

A microwave technique for the measurement of ocean wave spectra has been compared with wave gauge output during extensive field testing. The method is based on the dual-frequency technique for detecting long ocean waves by matching the modulation of short waves with the beat wavelength between two transmitted microwave frequencies. The new method, however, utilizes three microwave frequencies in order to reduce mean backscatter not related to short-wave modulation. Two prototype scatterometers have been built using three frequencies at L-band and at Ku-band. Wave spectra have been measured by both radar systems which, when properly normalized, agree well with simultaneous in situ measurements taken by conventional wave gauges at the pier site. Thirteen sets of spectra have been computed, five of which correspond to a situation in which a local wind sea was generated and then decayed. The present experiment does not demonstrate the directionality of this new technique

Published in:

Oceanic Engineering, IEEE Journal of  (Volume:16 ,  Issue: 3 )