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Anti-hangup binary quantized DPLL technique for timing recovery in QAM symbol-rate sampled receivers

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3 Author(s)
Panayiotopoulos, I. ; Access Network & Transm. Syst. Dept., INTRACOM SA, Peania Attika, Greece ; Doumenis, D.G. ; Constantinou, P.

This paper presents the statistical performance analysis of a decision directed timing recovery scheme based on a digital phase-locked loop (DPLL) that uses binary quantization and employs an adaptive sequential loop filter (LF) devised in order to prevent the adversary hang-up phenomenon. The proposed loop is analyzed by exercising Markovian analytical techniques on a simplified two-dimensional Markov chain approximation. Both the tracking and acquisition performances are examined in cases of M-ary quadrature amplitude modulation input signals. Numerical results, validated further by computer simulations, in essence show that the employed anti-hangup sequential LF speeds up the acquisition process by preventing the synchronizer from excessively long hang-ups. Compared to the classical nonadaptive binary quantized DPLL synchronizer, the loop with the proposed adaptation mechanism gains up to an order of magnitude in response time over the hang-up effect, at a minor cost in its steady-state tracking performance

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Communications, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:49 ,  Issue: 2 )