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Gain and G/T of multielement receive antennas with active beamforming networks

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1 Author(s)
Kraft, U.R. ; Astrium GmbH, Munich, Germany

A basic system-level model for the gain and G/T of active multielement receive antennas is presented that covers arbitrary beamforming networks and direct radiating arrays, as well as array-fed systems with one or more focusing elements (reflectors or lenses). Since the model is based on measurable parameters and uses definitions, which are consistent with conventional communication system analysis terms, it can be applied directly to the analysis and design of systems using such antennas and can be used to support the specification, design, and test of such antennas as well, measurement possibilities for the basic parameters are discussed and the characteristic parameters of generic active beamforming networks are derived and compared. Finally, the impact of the different parameters on the overall antenna gain and G/T is illustrated by one application example that covers a reconfigurable multifeed reflector antenna with selectable beamwidth. The presented theory has been verified successfully in the frame of a classified EHF antenna development whose details cannot be reported here

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Antennas and Propagation, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:48 ,  Issue: 12 )