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Spontaneous emission factor of a microcavity DBR surface-emitting laser

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4 Author(s)
Baba, T. ; Precision & Intelligence Lab., Tokyo Inst. of Technol., Yokohama, Japan ; Hamano, T. ; Koyama, F. ; Iga, K.

The spontaneous emission factor (SEF) of a microcavity distributed Bragg reflector (DBR) surface-emitting laser has been obtained theoretically to investigate the possibility of the thresholdless lasing operation. Formulas expressing the spontaneous emission in a three-dimensional microcavity were obtained. By introducing the distribution of mode density in wavevector space, it is shown that the radiation pattern of spontaneous emission is deeply modified by the microcavity and is different from that in free space. Based on this result, the SEF and the emission lifetime are calculated as a function of emission spectral width and the size of the active region. It is found that the SEF exceeds 0.1, even though the spectral width is as large as 30 nm when the transverse size is smaller than 0.5 μm and the DBR reflectivity is larger than 90%

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Quantum Electronics, IEEE Journal of  (Volume:27 ,  Issue: 6 )