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The DNA sequence of the human genome has been determined. This significant scientific milestone has been a multidisciplinary effort sponsored by both public and private investments. Engineering and computer science contributions have been essential to success, especially with the accelerated schedules of the Human Genome Project. A tutorial summary of the biological and health implications of sequencing the human genome is presented together with examples of how genome data from human and other organisms are already used. Engineering contributions to sequencing are identified as well as predictions of how engineering methods may contribute to the "postsequencing" era of biology.