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Optimal power flow solutions under variable load conditions

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2 Author(s)
Almeida, K.C. ; Dept. de Eng. Eletrica, Univ. Federal de Santa Catarina, Florianopolis, Brazil ; Salgado, R.

This work presents a methodology to calculate a sequence of optimal power flow (OPF) solutions under variable load conditions. The aim is to obtain a set of optimal operating points in the neighborhood of the bounds of the region defined by the load flow equations and a set of operational limits. For this, an algorithm based on the continuation method and on a primal-dual interior point optimization method is proposed. Such an algorithm consists of two main steps: the predictor step, which uses a linear approximation of the Karush-Kuhn-Tucker (KKT) conditions to estimate a new operating point for an increment in the system load; and the corrector step, which calculates the optimum corresponding to the new load level via a nonlinear primal-dual interior point method. Indices for critical buses and inequality constraints are a byproduct of the methodology. In addition, sensitivity analysis is performed to calculate the amount of reactive compensation which allows for a pre-specified increase in the system load. Results for realistic test systems are presented

Published in:

Power Systems, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:15 ,  Issue: 4 )