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New dynamical models of lead-acid batteries

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1 Author(s)
M. Ceraolo ; Dept. of Electr. Syst. & Autom., Pisa Univ., Italy

This paper documents the main results of studies that have been carried out, during a period of more than a decade, at University of Pisa in co-operation with other technical Italian institutions, about models of electrochemical batteries suitable for the use of the electrical engineer, in particular for the analysis of electrical systems with batteries. The problem of simulating electrochemical batteries by means of equivalent electric circuits is defined in a general way; then particular attention is then devoted to the problem of modeling of lead-acid batteries. For this kind of battery, a general model structure is defined from which specific models can be inferred, having different degrees of complexity and simulation quality. In particular, the implementation of the third-order model, that shows a good compromise between complexity and precision, is developed in detail. The behavior of the proposed models is compared with results obtained with extensive lab tests on different types of lead-acid batteries

Published in:

IEEE Transactions on Power Systems  (Volume:15 ,  Issue: 4 )