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Penalized weighted least-squares image reconstruction for dual energy X-ray transmission tomography

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2 Author(s)
Sukovic, P. ; Dept. of Biomed. Eng., Michigan Univ., Ann Arbor, MI, USA ; Clinthorne, N.H.

Presents a dual-energy (DE) transmission computed tomography (CT) reconstruction method. It is statistically motivated and features nonnegativity constraints in the density domain. A penalized weighted least squares (PWLS) objective function has been chosen to handle the non-Poisson noise added by amorphous silicon (aSi:H) detectors. A Gauss-Seidel algorithm has been used to minimize the objective function. The behavior of the method in terms of bias/standard deviation tradeoff has been compared to that of a DE method that is based on filtered back projection (FBP). The advantages of the DE PWLS method are largest for high noise and/or low flux cases. Qualitative results suggest this as well. Also, the reconstructed images of an object with opaque regions are presented. Possible applications of the method are: attenuation correction for positron emission tomography (PET) images, various quantitative computed tomography (QCT) methods such as bone mineral densitometry (BMD), and the removal of metal streak artifacts.

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Medical Imaging, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:19 ,  Issue: 11 )