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Interdigital pair bonding is a novel methodology that enables the fabrication of high frequency piezoelectric composites with high volume fractions of the ceramic phase. This enhancement in ceramic volume fraction significantly reduces the dimensional scale of the epoxy phase and increases the related effective physical parameters of the composite, such as dielectric constant and the longitudinal sound velocity, which are major concerns in the development of high frequency piezoelectric composites. In this paper, a method called interdigital pair bonding (IPB) is used to prepare a 1-3 piezoelectric composite with a pitch of 40 μm, a kerf of 4 μm, and a ceramic volume fraction of 81%. The composites prepared in this fashion exhibited a very pure thickness-mode resonance up to a frequency of 50 MHz. Unlike the 2-2 piezoelectric composites with the same ceramic and epoxy scales developed earlier, the anticipated lateral modes between 50 to 100 MHz were not observed in the current 1-3 composites. The mechanisms for the elimination of the lateral modes at high frequency are discussed. The effective electromechanical coupling coefficient of the composite was 0.72 at a frequency of 50 MHz. The composites showed a high longitudinal sound velocity of 4300 m/s and a high clamped dielectric constant of 1111ε 0, which will benefit the development of high frequency ultrasonic transducers and especially high frequency transducer arrays for medical imaging.
Ultrasonics, Ferroelectrics and Frequency Control, IEEE Transactions on (Volume:48 , Issue: 1 )
Date of Publication: Jan. 2001