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Synthesis for logical initializability of synchronous finite-state machines

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2 Author(s)
Singh, M. ; Dept. of Comput. Sci., Columbia Univ., New York, NY, USA ; Nowick, S.M.

Logical initializability is the property of a gate-level circuit whereby it can be driven to a unique start state when simulated by a three-valued (0, 1, X) simulator. In practice, commercial logic and fault simulators often require initialization under such a three-valued simulation model. In this paper, the first sound and systematic synthesis method is proposed to ensure the logical initializability of synchronous finite-state machines. The method includes both state assignment and combinational logic synthesis steps. It is shown that a previous approach to synthesis-for-initializability, which uses a constrained state assignment method, may produce uninitializable circuits. Here, a new state assignment method is proposed that is guaranteed correct. Furthermore, it is shown that combinational logic synthesis also has a direct impact on initializability; necessary and sufficient constraints on combinational logic synthesis are proposed to guarantee that the resulting gate-level circuits are logically initializable. The above two synthesis steps have been incorporated into a computer-aided design tool, SALSIFY, targeted to both two-level and multilevel implementations.

Published in:

Very Large Scale Integration (VLSI) Systems, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:8 ,  Issue: 5 )