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Source-adaptive multilayered multicast algorithms for real-time video distribution

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3 Author(s)
Vickers, B.J. ; Dept. of Comput. Sci., Rutgers Univ., New Brunswick, NJ, USA ; Albuquerque, C. ; Suda, T.

Layered transmission of data is often recommended as a solution to the problem of varying bandwidth constraints in multicast video applications. Multilayered encoding, however, is not sufficient to provide high video quality and high network utilization, since bandwidth constraints frequently change over time. Adaptive techniques capable of adjusting the rates of video layers are required to maximize video quality and network utilization. We define a class of algorithms known as source-adaptive multilayered multicast (SAMM) algorithms. In SAMM algorithms, the source uses congestion feedback to adjust the number of generated layers and the bit rate of each layer. We contrast two specific SAMM algorithms: an end-to-end algorithm, in which only end systems monitor available bandwidth and report the amount of available bandwidth to the source, and a network-based algorithm, in which intermediate nodes also monitor and report available bandwidth. Using simulations that incorporate multilayered video codecs, we demonstrate that SAMM algorithms can exhibit better scalability and responsiveness to congestion than algorithms that are not source-adaptive. We also study the performance trade-offs between end-to-end and network-based SAMM algorithms

Published in:

Networking, IEEE/ACM Transactions on  (Volume:8 ,  Issue: 6 )