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A novel adaptive beamforming algorithm for a smart antenna system in a CDMA mobile communication environment

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2 Author(s)
Seungwon Choi ; Sch. of Electr. & Comput. Eng., Hanyang Univ., Seoul, South Korea ; Donghee Shim

An alternative way of adaptive beamforming is presented. The main contribution of the new technique is in its simplicity with a minimal loss of accuracy. The total computational load for computing a suboptimal weight vector from each new signal vector is about O(2N2 +5N). It can further be reduced down to O(3N) by approximating the autocorrelation matrix with the instantaneous signal vector at each snapshot. The required condition on the adaptive gain for the proposed algorithm to converge is derived analytically. The proposed beamforming algorithm is applied to the base station of a code-division-multiple access (CDMA) mobile communication system. The performance of the proposed method is shown in multipath fading communication channels in terms of the signal-to-interference+noise ratio (SINR), the bit error rate (BER), and the achievable capacity of a given CDMA cell/sector

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Vehicular Technology, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:49 ,  Issue: 5 )