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Affine-similar shape retrieval: application to multiview 3-D object recognition

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2 Author(s)
Abbasi, S. ; Centre for Vision Speech & Signal Process., Surrey Univ., Guildford, UK ; Mokhtarian, F.

The feasibility of representing a three-dimensional (3-D) object with a small number of standard views is studied. The object boundary of each view is considered as a two dimensional (2-D) shape and is represented by the locations of the maxima of its curvature scale space (CSS) image contours. The idea is to identify an unknown object from an image taken from a random view by using the stored descriptions of the standard views. The CSS image has been selected for MPEG-7 standardization. The maxima of CSS image have already been used to represent 2-D shapes in different applications under similarity transforms. Since the new application involves affine transforms, we first examine the effects of general affine transforms on the representation and show that the locations of the maxima of the CSS image do not move dramatically even under large affine transformations. Our system for shape-based retrieval from large image databases is then applied to multiview 3-D object representation and recognition. Our collection of 3-D objects consists of 18 aircraft of different shapes. Three silhouette contours corresponding to random views are separately used as input for each object. Results indicate that robust and efficient 3-D free-form object recognition through multiview representation can be achieved using the CSS representation

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Image Processing, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:10 ,  Issue: 1 )