By Topic

Adaptive threshold modulation for error diffusion halftoning

Sign In

Cookies must be enabled to login.After enabling cookies , please use refresh or reload or ctrl+f5 on the browser for the login options.

Formats Non-Member Member
$31 $13
Learn how you can qualify for the best price for this item!
Become an IEEE Member or Subscribe to
IEEE Xplore for exclusive pricing!
close button

puzzle piece

IEEE membership options for an individual and IEEE Xplore subscriptions for an organization offer the most affordable access to essential journal articles, conference papers, standards, eBooks, and eLearning courses.

Learn more about:

IEEE membership

IEEE Xplore subscriptions

2 Author(s)
Damera-Venkata, N. ; Texas Univ., Austin, TX, USA ; Evans, B.L.

Grayscale digital image halftoning quantizes each pixel to one bit. In error diffusion halftoning, the quantization error at each pixel is filtered and fed back to the input in order to diffuse the quantization error among the neighboring grayscale pixels. Error diffusion introduces nonlinear distortion (directional artifacts), linear distortion (sharpening), and additive noise. Threshold modulation, which alters the quantizer input, has been previously used to reduce either directional artifacts or linear distortion. This paper presents an adaptive threshold modulation framework to improve halftone quality by optimizing error diffusion parameters in the least squares sense. The framework models the quantizer implicitly, so a wide variety of quantizers may be used. Based on the framework, we derive adaptive algorithms to optimize 1) edge enhancement halftoning and 2) green noise halftoning. In edge enhancement halftoning, we minimize linear distortion by controlling the sharpening control parameter. We may also break up directional artifacts by replacing the thresholding quantizer with a deterministic bit flipping (DBF) quantizer. For green noise halftoning, we optimize the hysteresis coefficients

Published in:

Image Processing, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:10 ,  Issue: 1 )