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A method based on the concepts of genetic algorithm (GA) and recursive least-squares method is proposed to construct a fuzzy system directly from some gathered input-output data of the discussed problem. The proposed method can find an appropriate fuzzy system with a low number of rules to approach an identified system under the condition that the constructed fuzzy system must satisfy a predetermined acceptable performance. In this method, each individual in the population is constructed to determine the number of fuzzy rules and the premise part of the fuzzy system, and the recursive least-squares method is used to determine the consequent part of the constructed fuzzy system described by this individual. Finally, three identification problems of nonlinear systems are utilized to illustrate the effectiveness of the proposed method.