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SNR scalability based on matching pursuits

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2 Author(s)
C. De Vleeschouwer ; Lab. de Telecommun. et Teledetection, Univ. Catholique de Louvain, Belgium ; B. Macq

In this paper, SNR scalable representations of video signals are studied. The investigated codecs are well suited for communications applications because they are all based on backward motion-compensated predictive coding, which provides the necessary low-delay property. In a very-low bit rate context (VLBR), the matching pursuits (MP) signal representation algorithm is used to represent the displaced frame difference (DFD) of each layer of a multilevel decomposition of the video signal. A number of conventional prediction schemes that can be generalized to any DFD representation technique are considered. They are compared with an original and MP specific DFD prediction method. Two scenari have been considered. In the first scenario, an enhancement layer is built on a base layer that has been encoded using a classical, i.e., nonscalable scheme. In that case, all methods appear to be comparable, In the second scenario, the fact that the base layer is used as a reference for an enhancement layer is taken into account to build it. In that case, the proposed MP prediction method clearly outperforms all other conventional approaches, Additional lessons can be drawn from this work. The same motion vectors can be used in both SNR layers, and the DFD prediction between layers improves coding efficiency. Moreover, the MP representation of the signal enable us to measure the predictability of the high SNR layer DFD from the low SNR layer DFD, i.e., to quantify the part of the low SNR layer information that also belongs to the high SNR layer

Published in:

IEEE Transactions on Multimedia  (Volume:2 ,  Issue: 4 )