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Algorithms for estimating dry snow density and the dielectric constant and roughness of the underlying soil or rock use backscattering measurements with VV and HH polarization at L-band frequency (1.25 GHz). Comparison with field measurements of snow density during the first SIR-C/X-SAR overpass shows absolute accuracy of 42 kg m-3 (13% relative error). For the underlying soil, comparisons with the ground scatterometer measurements showed errors of 4% by volume for soil moisture estimation and 4 mm for the surface root mean square (RMS) height. Values of snow density and the properties of the underlying soil are necessary for the estimation of snow water equivalence.
Geoscience and Remote Sensing, IEEE Transactions on (Volume:38 , Issue: 6 )
Date of Publication: Nov 2000